Visualization of dynamic fiber-matrix interfacial shear debonding

Jou Mei Chu*, Benjamin Claus, Niranjan Parab, Daniel O’Brien, Tao Sun, Kamel Fezzaa, Wayne Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


To visualize the debonding event in real time for the study of dynamic crack initiation and propagation at the fiber–matrix interface, a modified tension Kolsky bar was integrated with a high-speed synchrotron X-ray phase-contrast imaging setup. In the gage section, the pull-out configuration was utilized to understand the behavior of interfacial debonding between SC-15 epoxy matrix and S-2 glass fiber, tungsten wire, steel wire, and carbon fiber composite Z-pin at pull-out velocities of 2.5 and 5.0 m s−1. The load history and images of the debonding progression were simultaneously recorded. Both S-2 glass fiber and Z-pin experienced catastrophic interfacial debonding whereas tungsten and steel wire experienced both catastrophic debonding and stick–slip behavior. Even though S-2 glass fiber and Z-pin samples exhibited a slight increase and tungsten and steel wire samples exhibited a slight decrease in average peak force and average interfacial shear stress as the pull-out velocities were increased, no statistical difference was found for most properties when the velocity was increased. Furthermore, the debonding behavior for each fiber material is similar with increasing pull-out velocity. Thus, the debonding mechanism, peak force, and interfacial shear stress were rate insensitive as the pull-out velocity doubled from 2.5 to 5.0 m s−1. Scanning electron microscope imaging of recovered epoxy beads revealed a snap-back behavior around the meniscus region of the bead for S-2 glass, tungsten, and steel fiber materials at 5.0 m s−1 whereas those at 2.5 m s−1 exhibited no snap-back behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5845-5859
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics


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