Vitamin E Isoform-Specific Functions in Allergic Inflammation and Asthma

Joan M. Cook-Mills*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Asthma and allergic lung disease occur as complex environmental and genetic interactions. Epidemiological studies and randomized prevention trials have demonstrated the potential of a number of protective dietary factors for asthma, including the vitamin E isoform γ-tocopherol. However, reports for vitamin E have seemingly varied outcomes regarding benefits. These seemingly varied outcomes are consistent with mechanistic studies of opposing functions of the vitamin E isoforms γ-tocopherol and γ-tocopherol. Moreover, the variation in global prevalence of asthma may be explained, at least in part, by tocopherol isoforms. To clearly interpret outcomes of preclinical models and clinical studies, the studies need to include measurements of the tocopherol isoforms in the supplements, in vehicles for the supplements, and in the plasma or tissues before and after intervention. Understanding the differential regulation of inflammation by tocopherol isoforms provides a basis toward designing interventions that more effectively modulate inflammatory pathways and improve lung function in disease. Furthermore, the investigation of early life diet, in relation to childhood asthma, raises the possibility of early life dietary interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNutrition and Functional Foods for Healthy Aging
PublisherElsevier Inc
Pages167-188
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9780128092996
ISBN (Print)9780128053768
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 22 2017

Keywords

  • Allergy
  • Animal models
  • Asthma
  • Human models
  • α-tocopherol
  • γ-tocopherol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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