Although calcium influx triggers endocytosis at many synapses and non-neuronal secretory cells, the identity of the calcium channel is unclear. The plasma membrane voltage-dependent calcium channel (VDCC) is a candidate, and it was recently proposed that exocytosis transiently inserts vesicular calcium channels at the plasma membrane, thus triggering endocytosis and coupling it to exocytosis, a mechanism suggested to be conserved from sea urchin to human. Here, we report that the vesicular membrane, when inserted into the plasma membrane upon exocytosis, does not generate a calcium current or calcium increase at a mammalian nerve terminal. Instead, VDCCs at the plasma membrane, including the P/Q-type, provide the calcium influx to trigger rapid and slow endocytosis and, thus, couple endocytosis to exocytosis. These findings call for reconsideration of the vesicular calcium channel hypothesis. They are likely to apply to many synapses and non-neuronal cells in which VDCCs control exocytosis, and exocytosis is coupled to endocytosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)