Purpose: To report the treatment outcomes and treatment-induced adverse events (AEs) of concomitant chemoradiotherapy boosted with pulsed-dose-rate brachytherapy using volume-based two-dimensional planning in patients with cervical cancer. Patients and Methods: After obtaining the institutional review board approval, patients with FIGO Stages IB to IIIB cervical cancer, treated from January 2006 to December 2008 consecutively, were included. Volume-based planning was used and entailed defining an envelope around the tumor on a two-dimensional image and prescribing the dose to this envelope and reporting the dose of the isodose of 60Gy. Patients and tumor characteristics, dosimetric parameters, AEs and treatment outcomes, local control rate, distant metastases rate, progression-free survival, and overall survival are reported. Results: The study included 95 patients; the median age is 50 years. The median tumor size is 50. cc (range, 25-78. cc). Median brachytherapy dose delivered to the envelope is 20Gy (range, 15-35Gy), and median volume encompassed by 60Gy isodose curve is 137. cc (range, 26-365. cc). The 3-year overall survival, progression-free survival, local control rate, and distant metastases rate were 83.8%, 72.4%, 84.8%, and 15.4%, respectively. Gastrointestinal and genitourinary Grade 3 and 4 acute AEs were reported in 11.6% and 3.3% and chronic Grade 3 and 4 AEs were reported in 3.2% and 4.2% of all patients, respectively. Conclusions: Chemoradiotherapy followed by pulsed-dose-rate brachytherapy boost is effective and tolerable treatment modality for locally confined cervical cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging