Volunteerism and cardiovascular health: The hchs/sol sociocultural ancillary study

Mayra L. Estrella*, Michele A. Kelley, Ramon A. Durazo-Arvizu, Linda C. Gallo, Earle C. Chambers, Krista M. Perreira, Donglin Zeng, Aida L. Giachello, Carmen R. Isasi, Donghong Wu, James P. Lash, Martha L. Daviglus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: We examined the association between volunteerism and favorable cardiovascular health (CVH) among Hispanics/Latinos living in the US. Methods: We used data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (2008-2011) Sociocultural Ancillary Study (N = 4926; ages 18-74 years). Favorable CVH was defined as positive profiles of all major CVD risk fac-tors: low total serum cholesterol, blood pressure, and body mass index, not having diabetes, and not smoking. We adjusted survey-weighted logistic regression models for sociodemographic, lifestyle, and psychological factors. In secondary analyses, we tested whether the volunteerism-CVH association was modified by sex, age, or years lived in the US (<10 vs ≥10 years; a proxy acculturation measure). Results: Prevalence of volunteerism was 14.5%. Compared to non-volun-teers, volunteers had 1.67 higher odds of favorable CVH in the fully adjusted model (OR = 1.67, 95% CI = 1.11, 2.52). There was evidence of effect modification by acculturation; only volunteers living in the US ≥10 years had 2.41 higher odds of favorable CVH (OR = 2.41, 95% CI = 1.53, 3.80). There was no evidence of effect modification by sex or age. Conclusions: Volunteerism was associated with favorable CVH among US Hispanics/Latinos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-135
Number of pages16
JournalHealth Behavior and Policy Review
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular health
  • Civic engagement
  • Hispanic health
  • Hispanics/Latinos
  • Volunteerism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

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