von Willebrand Factor, ADAMTS13 Activity, and Decline in Kidney Function: A Population-Based Cohort Study

Sanaz Sedaghat, Paul S. de Vries, Johan Boender, Michelle A.H. Sonneveld, Ewout J. Hoorn, Albert Hofman, Moniek P.M. de Maat, Oscar H. Franco, M. Arfan Ikram, Frank W.G. Leebeek, Abbas Dehghan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Altered levels of von Willebrand factor (vWF) and ADAMTS13 can promote thrombosis and disturb blood flow in kidney microcirculations. We investigated the association of serum vWF:ADAMTS13 ratio in relation to decline in kidney function. Study Design Prospective cohort study. Setting & Participants 2,479 individuals (mean age, 65.1 ± 5.9 [SD] years; 43% men) from the population-based Rotterdam Study. Predictors vWF, ADAMTS13, and vWF:ADAMTS13 ratio. Outcomes & Measurements Annual decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), halving of eGFR, and new-onset eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were assessed. Results During a median follow-up of 11 (range, 7.81-13.57) years, 500 cases of new-onset eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 occurred. The population had a mean eGFR decline of 0.96 ± 0.92 mL/min/1.73 m2 per year. Higher vWF:ADAMTS13 ratio was associated with steeper annual decline in eGFR (difference, −0.06 [95% CI, −0.09 to −0.02] mL/min/1.73 m2 per year) and higher risk for new-onset eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 (OR, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.01-1.27). Likewise, higher vWF:ADAMTS13 ratio was associated with higher risk for halving of eGFR (OR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.02-1.93). After adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors and blood group, effect estimates remained the same. Limitations No data available for albuminuria. Participants were classified based on a single measurement of vWF and ADAMTS13. Conclusions In this population-based study, we showed that higher vWF:ADAMTS13 ratio is associated with decline in kidney function, suggesting a role of elevated prothrombotic factors in the development and progression of kidney disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)726-732
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume68
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

Keywords

  • ADAMTS13 activity
  • disease progression
  • eGFR trajectory
  • estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)
  • kidney disease
  • prothrombotic factors
  • von Willebrand factor (vWF)
  • von Willebrand factor protease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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