Wave mixing technique for nondestructive assessment of alkali-silica reaction damage in concrete prism samples

Taeho Ju, Jan Drewes Achenbach, Gianluca Cusatis, Laurence J. Jacobs, Jianmin Qu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) is a deterioration mechanism in concrete that degrades the concrete's strength over time. In a humid environment, concrete may absorb moisture from the surrounding environment. As the absorbed moisture diffuses through the concrete, the ASR gel expands its volume and such volumetric expansion of the ASR gel produces large internal pressure, which may then cause microcracking of the concrete. In this study, we proposed a collinear wave mixing technique with two longitudinal waves to nondestructively evaluate (NDE) the damage induced by ASR in concrete. For experiments, we produced three ASR reactive samples and the other three non-reactive samples. Next, all samples were aged at 38 C° to induce ASR damages. A linear and a nonlinear ultrasonic technique were employed on the concrete prism samples after 30 days and 120 days of aging. Destructive tests were also carried out for the benchmark data of the proposed technique. The result shows the changes in wave velocities are not sufficient or sensitive enough to discern ASR damages. On the other hand, the acoustic nonlinearity parameter shows obvious difference between damaged and non-damaged samples. This result corelates well with the degradation of compressive strength, and thus can be used as a measure of ASR damage for NDE purposes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication45th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Volume 38
EditorsSimon Laflamme, Stephen Holland, Leonard J. Bond
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735418325
DOIs
StatePublished - May 8 2019
Event45th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, QNDE 2018 - Burlington, United States
Duration: Jul 15 2018Jul 19 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2102
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference45th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, QNDE 2018
CountryUnited States
CityBurlington
Period7/15/187/19/18

Fingerprint

alkalis
silica
prisms
alkalies
silicon dioxide
damage
sampling
methodology
strength (mechanics)
moisture
destructive tests
gel
gels
humid environment
internal pressure
compressive strength
longitudinal waves
deterioration
nonlinearity
wave velocity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Ju, T., Achenbach, J. D., Cusatis, G., Jacobs, L. J., & Qu, J. (2019). Wave mixing technique for nondestructive assessment of alkali-silica reaction damage in concrete prism samples. In S. Laflamme, S. Holland, & L. J. Bond (Eds.), 45th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Volume 38 [110004] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2102). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5099841
Ju, Taeho ; Achenbach, Jan Drewes ; Cusatis, Gianluca ; Jacobs, Laurence J. ; Qu, Jianmin. / Wave mixing technique for nondestructive assessment of alkali-silica reaction damage in concrete prism samples. 45th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Volume 38. editor / Simon Laflamme ; Stephen Holland ; Leonard J. Bond. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2019. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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abstract = "Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) is a deterioration mechanism in concrete that degrades the concrete's strength over time. In a humid environment, concrete may absorb moisture from the surrounding environment. As the absorbed moisture diffuses through the concrete, the ASR gel expands its volume and such volumetric expansion of the ASR gel produces large internal pressure, which may then cause microcracking of the concrete. In this study, we proposed a collinear wave mixing technique with two longitudinal waves to nondestructively evaluate (NDE) the damage induced by ASR in concrete. For experiments, we produced three ASR reactive samples and the other three non-reactive samples. Next, all samples were aged at 38 C° to induce ASR damages. A linear and a nonlinear ultrasonic technique were employed on the concrete prism samples after 30 days and 120 days of aging. Destructive tests were also carried out for the benchmark data of the proposed technique. The result shows the changes in wave velocities are not sufficient or sensitive enough to discern ASR damages. On the other hand, the acoustic nonlinearity parameter shows obvious difference between damaged and non-damaged samples. This result corelates well with the degradation of compressive strength, and thus can be used as a measure of ASR damage for NDE purposes.",
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Ju, T, Achenbach, JD, Cusatis, G, Jacobs, LJ & Qu, J 2019, Wave mixing technique for nondestructive assessment of alkali-silica reaction damage in concrete prism samples. in S Laflamme, S Holland & LJ Bond (eds), 45th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Volume 38., 110004, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2102, American Institute of Physics Inc., 45th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, QNDE 2018, Burlington, United States, 7/15/18. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5099841

Wave mixing technique for nondestructive assessment of alkali-silica reaction damage in concrete prism samples. / Ju, Taeho; Achenbach, Jan Drewes; Cusatis, Gianluca; Jacobs, Laurence J.; Qu, Jianmin.

45th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Volume 38. ed. / Simon Laflamme; Stephen Holland; Leonard J. Bond. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2019. 110004 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2102).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Wave mixing technique for nondestructive assessment of alkali-silica reaction damage in concrete prism samples

AU - Ju, Taeho

AU - Achenbach, Jan Drewes

AU - Cusatis, Gianluca

AU - Jacobs, Laurence J.

AU - Qu, Jianmin

PY - 2019/5/8

Y1 - 2019/5/8

N2 - Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) is a deterioration mechanism in concrete that degrades the concrete's strength over time. In a humid environment, concrete may absorb moisture from the surrounding environment. As the absorbed moisture diffuses through the concrete, the ASR gel expands its volume and such volumetric expansion of the ASR gel produces large internal pressure, which may then cause microcracking of the concrete. In this study, we proposed a collinear wave mixing technique with two longitudinal waves to nondestructively evaluate (NDE) the damage induced by ASR in concrete. For experiments, we produced three ASR reactive samples and the other three non-reactive samples. Next, all samples were aged at 38 C° to induce ASR damages. A linear and a nonlinear ultrasonic technique were employed on the concrete prism samples after 30 days and 120 days of aging. Destructive tests were also carried out for the benchmark data of the proposed technique. The result shows the changes in wave velocities are not sufficient or sensitive enough to discern ASR damages. On the other hand, the acoustic nonlinearity parameter shows obvious difference between damaged and non-damaged samples. This result corelates well with the degradation of compressive strength, and thus can be used as a measure of ASR damage for NDE purposes.

AB - Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) is a deterioration mechanism in concrete that degrades the concrete's strength over time. In a humid environment, concrete may absorb moisture from the surrounding environment. As the absorbed moisture diffuses through the concrete, the ASR gel expands its volume and such volumetric expansion of the ASR gel produces large internal pressure, which may then cause microcracking of the concrete. In this study, we proposed a collinear wave mixing technique with two longitudinal waves to nondestructively evaluate (NDE) the damage induced by ASR in concrete. For experiments, we produced three ASR reactive samples and the other three non-reactive samples. Next, all samples were aged at 38 C° to induce ASR damages. A linear and a nonlinear ultrasonic technique were employed on the concrete prism samples after 30 days and 120 days of aging. Destructive tests were also carried out for the benchmark data of the proposed technique. The result shows the changes in wave velocities are not sufficient or sensitive enough to discern ASR damages. On the other hand, the acoustic nonlinearity parameter shows obvious difference between damaged and non-damaged samples. This result corelates well with the degradation of compressive strength, and thus can be used as a measure of ASR damage for NDE purposes.

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BT - 45th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Volume 38

A2 - Laflamme, Simon

A2 - Holland, Stephen

A2 - Bond, Leonard J.

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

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Ju T, Achenbach JD, Cusatis G, Jacobs LJ, Qu J. Wave mixing technique for nondestructive assessment of alkali-silica reaction damage in concrete prism samples. In Laflamme S, Holland S, Bond LJ, editors, 45th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Volume 38. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2019. 110004. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5099841