WAVE1 intranuclear trafficking is essential for genomic and cytoskeletal dynamics during fertilization: Cell-cycle-dependent shuttling between M-phase and interphase nuclei

Vanesa Y. Rawe, Christopher Payne, Christopher Navara, Gerald Schatten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

A-kinase-anchoring proteins (AKAP) help regulate the intracellular organization of cyclic AMP-dependent kinase (PKA) and actin within somatic cells. Elevated levels of cAMP also help maintain meiotic arrest in immature oocytes, with AKAPs implicated as critical mediators but poorly understood during this process. Here we test the hypothesis that the AKAP WAVE1 is required during mammalian fertilization, and identify a nuclear localization of WAVE1 that is independent of actin and actin-related proteins (Arp). Immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation experiments show a redistribution of WAVE1 from the cortex in germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes to cytoplasmic foci in oocytes arrested in second meiosis (Met II). Following sperm entry, WAVE1 relocalizes to the developing male and female pronuclei. Association of WAVE1 with a regulatory subunit of PKA is detected in both Met II oocytes and pronucleate zygotes, but interaction with Arp 2/3 is observed only in Met II oocytes. WAVE1 redistributes to the cytoplasm upon nuclear envelope breakdown at mitosis, and concentrates at the cleavage furrow during embryonic cell division. Blocking nuclear pore formation with microinjected wheat germ agglutinin does not inhibit the nuclear localization of WAVE1, suggesting that this event precedes nuclear envelope formation. Neither depolymerization nor stabilization of actin affects WAVE1 distribution. Microtubule stabilization with Taxol, however, redistributes WAVE1 to the centrosome, and anti-WAVE1 antibodies prevent both the nuclear distribution of WAVE1 and the migration and apposition of pronuclei. These findings show that WAVE1 sequestration to the nucleus is required during fertilization, and is an actin-independent event that relies on dynamic microtubules but not nuclear pores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-267
Number of pages15
JournalDevelopmental Biology
Volume276
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2004

Keywords

  • AKAP
  • Embryo
  • Fertilization
  • Meiosis
  • WAVE1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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