WaveCube: A scalable, fault-tolerant, high-performance optical data center architecture

Kai Chen, Xitao Wen, Xingyu Ma, Yan Chen, Yong Xia, Chengchen Hu, Qunfeng Dong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

49 Scopus citations


Optical data center networks (DCNs) are becoming increasingly attractive due to their technological strengths compared to traditional electrical networks. However, prior optical DCNs are either hard to scale, vulnerable to single point of failure, or provide limited network bisection bandwidth for many practical DCN workloads. To this end, we present WaveCube, a scalable, fault-tolerant, high-performance optical DCN architecture. To scale, WaveCube removes MEMS1, a potential bottleneck, from its design. Wave-Cube is fault-tolerant since it does not have single point of failure and there are multiple node-disjoint parallel paths between any pair of Top-of-Rack (ToR) switches. WaveCube delivers high performance by exploiting multi-pathing and dynamic link bandwidth along the path. Our extensive evaluation results show that WaveCube outperforms previous optical DCNs by up to 400% and delivers network bisection bandwidth that is 70%-85% of an ideal non-blocking network under both realistic and synthetic traffic patterns. WaveCube's performance degrades gracefully under failures - it drops 20% even with 20% links cut. WaveCube also holds promise in practice - its wiring complexity is orders of magnitude lower than Fattree, BCube and c-Through at large scale, and its power consumption is 35% of them.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2015 IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, IEEE INFOCOM 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781479983810
StatePublished - Aug 21 2015
Event34th IEEE Annual Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, IEEE INFOCOM 2015 - Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Duration: Apr 26 2015May 1 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE INFOCOM
ISSN (Print)0743-166X


Other34th IEEE Annual Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, IEEE INFOCOM 2015
Country/TerritoryHong Kong
CityHong Kong

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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