We are, therefore they aren't: Ingroup construal as a standard of comparison for outgroup judgments

Bertram Gawronski*, Galen V Bodenhausen, Rainer Banse

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Five studies tested the assumptions: (a) That ingroups are habitually used as a standard of comparison for outgroup judgments, and (b) that outgroup judgments are generally contrasted away from a momentary construal of the ingroup. Results generally support these assumptions. Experiments 1 and 2 demonstrated increased activation levels of ingroup knowledge as a result of corresponding outgroup judgments. Experiments 3 and 4 showed that outgroup judgments depend not only on cognitively accessible outgroup exemplars, but also on accessible ingroup exemplars. Finally, Experiment 5 demonstrated that the impact of accessible ingroup exemplars on outgroup judgments is mediated by changes in the construal of the ingroup, such that: (a) outgroups were judged lower with regard to a given trait the higher participants perceived their ingroup with regard to that trait, and (b) controlling for the effect of ingroup construal attenuated the obtained effects on outgroup judgments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)515-526
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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