Wear of tin coating and al-si alloy substrate against carburized steel under mixed lubrication

Q. Wang, H. S. Cheng, M. E. Fine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Tin coatings on Al-Si alloys are widely used in the automotive industries. The soft tin coating and the harder substrate alloy form a tribological system with the advantages of low friction and reasonably high load-bearing capacity. Wear tests of tin coated Al-Si Z332 alloy in conformal contact against carburized 1016 steel have been carried out under mixed lubrication with SAE 10W30 oil to study the wear, mechanisms. Two major wear mechanisms, uniform wear of the tin coating due to micro-plowing and spall pitting related to the substrate are found to contribute to the bearing material loss when the fluid lubrication film is relatively thick (Ʌ about 1.6). Under conditions of thinner films (Ʌ ˜ 0.8), some local coating debonding occurs. The pitting and local coating debonding are closely related to fracture in the substrate. The bonding between silicon and tin seems to be weaker than between aluminum and tin. During wear, oxidation occurs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-284
Number of pages8
JournalTribology Transactions
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1994


  • Al-Si Alloy
  • Local Coating Debonding
  • Pitting
  • Spalling
  • Tin Coating
  • Wear Mechanisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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