Purpose: The paclitaxel, fluorouracil, and hydroxyurea regimen of paclitaxel, infusional fluorouracil, hydroxyurea, and twice-daily radiation therapy (TFHX) administered every other week has resulted in 3-year survival rates of 60% of stage IV patients. Locoregional and distant failure rates were 13% and 23%, respectively. To reduce distant failure rates, we added a brief course of induction chemotherapy to TFHX. Patients and Methods: Sixty-nine patients received six weekly doses of carboplatin (AUC2) and paclitaxel (135 mg/m2) followed by five cycles of TFHX. Results: Ninety-six percent had stage IV disease. Response to induction chemotherapy was partial response 52% and complete response (CR) 35%. Symptomatically, there was a significant reduction in mouth and throat pain. The most common grade 3 or 4 toxicity was neutropenia (36%). Best response following completion of TFHX was CR in 83%. Toxicities of TFHX consisted of grade 3 or 4 mucositis (74% and 2%) and dermatitis (47% and 14%). At a median follow-up of 28 months, locoregional or systemic disease progression were each noted in five patients. The overall 3-year progression-free survival was 80% (95% confidence interval [CI], 71% to 90%), and the 2- and 3-year overall survival rates were 77% (95% CI, 66% to 87%) and 70% (95% CI, 59% to 82%), respectively. At 12 months, five patients were completely feeding-tube dependent. Conclusion: Administration of carboplatin and paclitaxel before TFHX chemoradiotherapy results in high response activity and may decrease distant failure rates. Overall survival, progression, and organ preservation/functional outcome data support definitive evaluation of this approach.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research