Weight loss strategies for treatment of obesity

Robert F. Kushner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

124 Scopus citations

Abstract

Obesity is one of the most serious and prevalent non-communicable diseases of the 21st century. It is also a patient-centered condition in which affected individuals seek treatment through a variety of commercial, medical and surgical approaches. Considering obesity as a chronic medical disease state helps to frame the concept of using a three-stepped intensification of care approach to weight management. As a foundation, all patients should be counseled on evidence-based lifestyle approaches that include diet, physical activity and behavior change therapies. At the second tier, two new pharmacological agents, phentermine-topiramate and lorcaserin, were approved in 2012 as adjuncts to lifestyle modification. The third step, bariatric surgery, has been demonstrated to be the most effective and long-term treatment for individuals with severe obesity or moderate obesity complicated by comorbid conditions that is not responsive to non-surgical approaches. By using a medical model, clinicians can provide more proactive and effective treatments in assisting their patients with weight loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-472
Number of pages8
JournalProgress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Diet
  • Lifestyle
  • Obesity
  • Pharmacology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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