What are successful recruitment and retention strategies for underserved populations? Examining physical activity interventions in primary care and community settings

Jennifer K. Carroll, Antronette K. Yancey, Bonnie Spring, Colmar Figueroa-Moseley, David C. Mohr, Karen M. Mustian, Lisa K. Sprod, Jason Q. Purnell, Kevin Fiscella

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purposes of this review are to (1) describe recruitment and retention strategies for physical activity interventions focusing on underserved populations and (2) identify successful strategies which show the most promise for "best practices" recommendations to guide future research. The method used was systematic review. Data on recruitment and retention strategies were abstracted and analyzed according to participant characteristics, types of strategies used, and effectiveness using an ecological framework. Thirty-eight studies were identified. Populations included African American (n=25), Hispanic (n=8), or Asian (n=3) groups. Successful recruitment strategies consisted of partnering with respected community stakeholders and organizations, well-trained study staff ethnically, linguistically, and culturally matched to the population of interest, and use of multiple advertising channels. Successful retention strategies included efficient administrative tracking of participants, persistence, skillful teamwork, and demonstrating a positive, caring attitude towards participants. Promising recruitment and retention strategies correspond to all levels of ecological influence: individual, interpersonal, organizational, and societal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)234-251
Number of pages18
JournalTranslational behavioral medicine
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011

Keywords

  • Physical activity
  • Recruitment
  • Retention
  • Underserved groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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