What are the later life contributions to reserve, resilience, and compensation?

Sara N. Burke, Elizabeth C. Mormino, Emily J. Rogalski, Claudia H. Kawas, Robert J. Willis, Denise C. Park*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Many studies have shown that early-life experiences can contribute to later life cognitive reserve and resilience. However, there is evidence to suggest that later life experiences and lifestyle choices can also play a vital role in the brain's ability to respond to and compensate for neural insults associated with aging. Engaging in a diversity of behaviorally, socially, and cognitively rich activities may forge new neural pathways that can perhaps provide greater flexibility in confronting the challenges associated with accumulating brain pathology. Studies of cognitively normal individuals with pathology and of individuals who have aged exceptionally well may provide insights that are generalizable to the overall elderly population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-144
Number of pages5
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
StatePublished - Nov 2019


  • Cognitive decline
  • Compensation
  • Maintenance
  • Plasticity
  • Resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Aging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


Dive into the research topics of 'What are the later life contributions to reserve, resilience, and compensation?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this