What is the long-term relevance of clinically detected postoperative anastomotic urine leakage after robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy?

David A. Rebuck, Samuel Haywood, Kelly McDermott, Kent T. Perry, Robert B. Nadler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To determine whether patients with postoperative clinically detected anastomotic urine leaks are at increased risk for poorer erectile function, urinary incontinence and bladder neck contracture (BNC) after robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective review of all patients undergoing RALRP from October 2005 until December 2009 by a single surgeon (R.B.N.) was conducted. Clinically detected anastomotic urine leak was defined as drain output consistent with urine at more than 24 h postoperatively. The presence of BNC was identified on cystoscopy. Erectile function was measured with the Sexual Healthy Inventory for Men (SHIM) questionnaire. Incontinence was measured by patient-reported daily pad use. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Outcomes were assessed at the most recent follow-up. RESULTS Among 213 patients eligible for inclusion, 27 experienced an anastomotic urine leak (12.7%). At a mean long-term follow-up of 24.2 months, there was no difference in SHIM scores (7.0 vs 13.1; P= 0.101), continence rates (87.5% vs 85.2%; P= 0.999) or risk of BNC (7.4% vs 3.2%; P= 0.268) between patients with and without postoperative anastomotic urine leaks, respectively. The results did not change after controlling for covariates in a multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION The present study suggests that patients with clinically detected postoperative anastomotic urine leaks do not necessarily have worse long-term outcomes of erectile function, continence and risk of BNC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)733-738
Number of pages6
JournalBJU International
Volume108
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

Keywords

  • anastomosis
  • bladder neck contracture
  • erectile function
  • incontinence
  • robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy
  • urine leakage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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