What we do not know about thoracic outlet syndrome in women

Natalia O. Glebova, Ashley K. Vavra

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a relatively uncommon condition encompassing a spectrum of disorders resulting from compression of the neurovascular structures within the thoracic outlet. As mechanical and anatomic factors play significant roles in the pathophysiology of TOS, one may expect sex differences in the clinical course of this syndrome. However, as is the case with most diseases and disorders (Blauwet et al., 2007), the features of TOS specific to women are not well studied. In this chapter, we review existing evidence of variation in TOS incidence, pathophysiology, diagnosis, management, and outcomes based on sex and enumerate several questions that are yet to be addressed in this field with future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationVascular Disease in Women
Subtitle of host publicationAn Overview of the Literature and Treatment Recommendations
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780128229590
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021


  • Sex differences
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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