What’s known about implementing co-located paediatric integrated care: a scoping review

Rheanna E. Platt*, Andrea E. Spencer, Matthew D. Burkey, Carol Vidal, Sarah Polk, Amie F. Bettencourt, Sonal Jain, Julia Stratton, Lawrence S. Wissow

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Several studies have demonstrated clinical benefits of integrated care for a range of child and adolescent mental health outcomes. However, there is a significant gap between the evidence for efficacy of integrated care interventions vs their implementation in practice. While several studies have examined large-scale implementation of co-located integrated care for adults, much less is known for children. The goal of this scoping review was to understand how co-located mental health interventions targeting children and adolescents have been implemented and sustained. The literature was systematically searched for interventions targeting child and adolescent mental health that involved a mental health specialist co-located in a primary care setting. Studies reporting on the following implementation outcomes were included: acceptability, adoption, appropriateness, feasibility, fidelity, implementation cost, penetration, and sustainability. This search identified 34 unique studies, including randomized controlled trials, observational studies, and survey/mixed method approaches. Components facilitating implementation of on-site integrated behavioural healthcare included interprofessional communication and collaboration at all stages of implementation; clear protocols to facilitate intervention delivery; and co-employment of integrated care providers by specialty clinics. Some studies found differences in service use by demographic factors, and others reported funding challenges affecting sustainability, warranting further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)242-271
Number of pages30
JournalInternational Review of Psychiatry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2 2018


  • Integrated care
  • co-location
  • implementation
  • paediatric
  • primary care
  • utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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