When roles reverse: Stigma, status, and self-evaluation

Jennifer A. Richeson*, Nalini Ambady

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Self-evaluations after interracial and dyadic interactions were examined. African American and White females interacted with either a same-or different-race partner in one of 3 role conditions: the high-status of an interviewer, the low-status role of an applicant, or a peer of equal status. Following the interaction, responses to the Collective Self-Esteem scale (Luhtanen & Crocker, 1992) assessed social self-evaluation, while the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale (Rosenberg, 1965) and the State Self-Esteem scale (Heatherton & Polivy, 1991) assessed personal self-esteem. Combinations of racial composition and situational role had striking influences on self-evaluations. For instance, when situational roles signaled a reversal from societal status, participants reported lower collective self-esteem than when situational and societal status were consistent. Thus, roles can have compelling consequences for self-evaluation after intergroup interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1350-1378
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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