Which aspects of corporate governance do and do not matter in emerging markets

Bernard Black, Antonio Gledson de Carvalho, Vikramaditya Khanna, Woochan Kim, Burcin Yurtoglu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Well-constructed, country-specific “corporate governance indices” can predict higher firm values in emerging markets. However, there is little credible research on which aspects of governance drive that overall relationship. We study that question across four major emerging markets (Brazil, India, Korea, and Turkey). We build overall country-specific governance indices, comprised of indices for disclosure, board structure, ownership structure, shareholder rights, board procedure, and control of related party transactions. Disclosure (especially financial disclosure) predicts higher market value across all four countries. Board structure (principally board independence) has a positive coefficient in all countries and is significant in two countries. The other indices do not predict firm value. These results suggest that regulators and investors, in assessing governance, and firm managers, in responding to investor pressure for better governance, would do well to focus on disclosure and board structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-177
Number of pages41
JournalJournal of Law, Finance, and Accounting
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 20 2020


  • Boards of directors
  • Brazil
  • Corporate governance
  • Disclosure
  • India
  • Korea
  • Shareholder rights
  • Turkey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law
  • Finance
  • Accounting


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