White matter abnormalities in children with idiopathic developmental delay

E. Widjaja*, D. Nilsson, S. Blaser, C. Raybaud

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The underlying cause of developmental delay (DD) often remains unclear despite extensive clinical examination and investigations. Interference in normal development of the brain may result in DD. Purpose: To identify the prevalence of abnormalities on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in idiopathic developmental delay. Material and Methods: Of the 124 children referred for MR imaging with DD, 34 were excluded due to known history of progressive neuro-developmental disorders, birth asphyxia, congenital CNS infections, metabolic disorder, chromosomal anomalies, and severe epileptic syndromes. The following structures were systematically reviewed: ventricles, corpus callosum, gray and white matter, limbic system, basal ganglia, brainstem, and cerebellum. Results: Ten out of 90 (11%) were referred with DD only, whilst 80/90 (89%) were referred with DD and additional clinical findings, such as seizures, neurological deficit, and abnormal head size. Of the 90 patients, 14 (16%) had normal MR and 76 (84%) had abnormal MR findings. Abnormal ventricles were seen in 43/90 (48%); abnormal corpus callosum was identified in 40/90 (44%). Other MR findings included abnormalities in the white matter (23/90, 26%), hippocampi (5/90, 6%), cerebellum (5/90, 6%), and brainstem (4/90, 4%). Conclusion: Abnormalities of the ventricles and corpus callosum were identified in a large proportion of patients with idiopathic DD, indicative of changes in the white matter. Further studies using quantitative methods and diffusion tensor imaging are required to evaluate the white matter in these children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)589-595
Number of pages7
JournalActa Radiologica
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Developmental delay
  • MR
  • White matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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