WHO Participates in Effectiveness Research? A Comparison of Effectiveness Trial Clinicians to National Survey Samples

Zabin S. Patel*, Dominique Philips, Elizabeth Casline, Gregory A. Aarons, Colleen A. Maxwell, Golda S. Ginsburg, Jill Ehrenreich-May, Amanda Jensen-Doss

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Findings from research participants in effectiveness treatment trials (i.e., randomized control trials conducted in community rather than research settings) are considered more generalizable than those from participants in efficacy trials. This is especially true for clinician participants, whose characteristics like attitudes towards evidence-based practices (EBPs) may impact treatment implementation and the generalizability of research findings from effectiveness studies. This study compared background characteristics, attitudes toward EBPs, and attitudes towards measurement-based care (MBC) among clinicians participating in a National Institute of Mental-Health (NIMH) funded effectiveness trial, the Community Study of Outcome Monitoring for Emotional Disorders in Teens (COMET), to clinician data from nationally representative U.S. survey samples. Results indicated COMET clinicians were significantly younger, less clinically experienced, and were more likely to have a training background in psychology versus other disciplines compared to national survey samples. After controlling for demographics and professional characteristics, COMET clinicians held more positive attitudes towards EBPs and MBC compared to national survey samples. Implications for implementation efforts are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)899-908
Number of pages10
JournalAdministration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2022


  • Community clinicians
  • Effectiveness trials
  • Evidence-based practice
  • Implementation science
  • Measurement-based care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health Policy
  • Phychiatric Mental Health


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