BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Quantitative MR imaging strategies may have considerable potential for in vivo assessment of neuropathologic changes associated with HIV. This investigation evaluated the prognostic significance of whole brain histogram-derived diffusion tensor imaging indices with respect to severity of cognitive impairment and measures of clinical status in cases of HIV. METHODS: Quantitative indices derived with diffusion tensor imaging, including whole brain fractional anisotropy and the apparent diffusion coefficient, were compared for six patients with HIV and eight control volunteers. Relationships between whole brain indices and specific measures of dementia severity and clinical status were examined. RESULTS: Whole brain fractional anisotropy was reduced in patients with HIV and was significantly associated with severity of dementia, as indicated by several widely used clinical and functional status measures. Summary fractional anisotropy measures were more prognostic of dementia status than were apparent diffusion coefficient measures. CONCLUSION: Findings from this investigation support the use of diffusion tensor imaging for noninvasive MR imaging measurement of neuropathologic changes in studies of HIV-associated cognitive impairment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Neuroradiology|
|State||Published - Feb 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology