Why do(n't) your partner's efforts at self-improvement make you happy? an implicit theories perspective

Chin Ming Hui, Michael Harris Bond, Daniel C. Molden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

People often try to improve their interpersonal skills to satisfy romantic partners. However, when and why a partner appreciates these efforts is an important but underaddressed question. The present research explored how people's theories that interpersonal abilities are either fixed entities or can be changed incrementally affect their responses to relationship partner's efforts at self-improvement. Study 1 validated a new measure for these theories and showed that, compared to the former entity theorists, the latter incremental theorists were less likely to attribute recalled instances of partners' negative behaviors to dispositional causes and perceive these behaviors as fixed and stable. An experiment that induced these different implicit theories (Study 2) and a longitudinal study (Study 3) further demonstrated that perceptions of partners' self-improvement efforts led to greater increases in relationship security and quality among incremental than among entity theorists. How implicit theories may shape the interpersonal dynamics of self-improvement is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-113
Number of pages13
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Keywords

  • implicit theories
  • interpersonal self-regulation
  • relationship quality and security
  • self-improvement
  • social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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