Why inflation rose and fell: Policy-makers beliefs and U. S. postwar stabilization policy

Giorgio E Primiceri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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Abstract

This paper provides an explanation for the run-up of U. S. inflation in the 1960s and 1970s and the sharp disinflation in the early 1980s, which standard macroeconomic models have difficulties in addressing. I present a model in which rational policy-makers learn about the behavior of the economy in real time and set stabilization policy optimally, conditional on their current beliefs. The steady state associated with the self-confirming equilibrium of the model is characterized by low inflation. However, prolonged episodes of high inflation ending with rapid disinflations can occur when policy-makers underestimate both the natural rate of unemployment and the persistence of inflation in the Phillips curve. I estimate the model using likelihood methods. The estimation results show that the model accounts remarkably well for the evolution of policy-makers' beliefs, stabilization policy, and the postwar behavior of inflation and unemployment in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)867-901
Number of pages35
JournalQuarterly Journal of Economics
Volume121
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 7 2006

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics

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