Wide variation in glucocorticoid dosing in paediatric ANCA-associated vasculitis with renal disease: a paediatric vasculitis initiative study

ARChiVe Investigators Network within the PedVas Initiative

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective High-dose glucocorticoids for remission-induction of ANCA-associated vasculitis are recommended and commonly used in adults, but recent studies suggest lower glucocorticoid doses can reduce toxicity without reducing efficacy. No paediatric-specific data exists to inform optimal glucocorticoid dosing in paediatric ANCA-associated vasculitis (pAAV). Our objectives were to describe glucocorticoid use in pAAV-related renal disease, and to explore associations between glucocorticoid dose, baseline patient characteristics and 12-month outcomes. Methods Youth <18 years with pAAV, biopsy-confirmed pauci-immune glomerulonephritis and 12-month follow-up data were included from an international paediatric vasculitis registry. Presenting features and 12-month outcomes (eGFR, glucocorticoid-related adverse effects), were compared between patients receiving no, low-moderate (≤90mg/kg) and high (>90mg/kg) cumulative intravenous methylprednisolone (IVMP), and low (<0.5mg/kg/day prednisone equivalent), moderate (0.5-1.5mg/kg/day) and high (>1.5mg/kg/day) starting doses of oral glucocorticoids. Results Among 131 patients (101 granulomatosis with polyangiitis, 30 microscopic polyangiitis), 27 (21%) received no IVMP, 64 (49%) low-moderate and 29 (22%) high-dose IVMP, while 9 (7%) received low, 75 (57%) moderate and 47 (36%) high initial doses of oral glucocorticoids. Renal failure at diagnosis (p=0.022) and plasmapheresis use (p=0.0001) were associated with high-dose IVMP. Rates of glucocorticoid-related adverse effects ranged from 15-31% across dose levels, and glucocorticoid dosing did not associate with 12-month outcomes. Conclusion Glucocorticoid dosing for pAAV-related renal disease was highly variable, and rates of adverse effects were high across all dosing groups. A significant proportion of patients received oral glucocorticoid or IVMP doses that were discordant with current adult guidelines. Higher glucocorticoid doses did not associate with improved outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)841-848
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and experimental rheumatology
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • glucocorticoids
  • granulomatosis with polyangiitis
  • paediatric vasculitis
  • vasculitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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