Wideband late gadolinium enhanced magnetic resonance imaging for imaging myocardial scar without image artefacts induced by implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: A feasibility study at 3 T

Ravi Ranjan*, Christopher J. McGann, Eun Kee Jeong, Kyungpyo Hong, Eugene G. Kholmovski, Josh Blauer, Brent D. Wilson, Nassir F. Marrouche, Daniel Kim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim Late gadolinium enhanced (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful tool for facilitating ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation. Unfortunately, most VT ablation candidates often have prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and do not undergo cardiac MRI largely due to image artefacts generated by ICD. A prior study has reported success of € wideband € LGE MRI for imaging myocardial scar without image artefacts induced by ICD at 1.5T. The purpose of this study was to widen the availability of wideband LGE MRI to 3T, since it has the potential to achieve higher spatial resolution than 1.5T. Methods and results We compared the performance of standard and wideband LGE MRI pulse sequences in phantoms and canines with myocardial lesions created by radiofrequency ablation. Standard LGE MRI produced image artefacts induced by ICD and 49% accuracy in detecting 97 myocardial scars examined in this study, whereas wideband LGE MRI produced artefact-free images and 94% accuracy in detecting scars. The mean image quality score (1 = nondiagnostic, 2 = poor, 3 = adequate, 4 = good, 5 = excellent) was significantly (P < 0.001) higher for wideband (3.7 ± 0.8) than for standard LGE MRI (2.1 ± 0.7). The mean artefact level score (1 = minimal, 2 = mild, 3 = moderate, 4 = severe, 5 = nondiagnostic) was significantly (P < 0.001) lower for wideband (2.1 ± 0.8) than for standard LGE MRI (4.0 ± 0.6). Wideband LGE MRI agreed better with gross pathology than standard LGE MRI. Conclusion This study demonstrates the feasibility of wideband LGE MRI for suppression of image artefacts induced by ICD at 3T.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-488
Number of pages6
JournalEuropace
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 27 2015

Keywords

  • Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • Late gadolinium enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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