Widespread use of measurable residual disease in acute myeloid leukemia practice

Zachary D. Epstein-Peterson, Sean M. Devlin, Eytan M. Stein, Elihu Estey, Martin S. Tallman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Measurable residual disease (MRD) has prognostic importance for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). How leukemia providers incorporate MRD into routine practice remains undefined. Patients and methods: A survey was developed and distributed to a large sample of leukemia physicians. Demographic information was collected along with details concerning MRD practices. A multivariable logistic regression model evaluated provider characteristics predictive of MRD utilization. Results: 268 responses were received (response rate of 41%). 69% of providers reported routine use of MRD in management of AML, most commonly (90%) for its role in guiding therapy; providers who did not use MRD routinely most frequently cited inadequate resources (58%). Providers utilized flow cytometry- more than polymerase chain reaction-based assays with nucleophosmin-1 being the most common target with the latter. We found substantial variability in how MRD affected clinical decision making, particularly in pre- and post-transplant scenarios. Conclusions: MRD was frequently used in making treatment decisions and in estimating prognosis. However, there was lack of uniformity in these practices. Standardization of assays, adoption of requisite technology, and dissemination of data about the value of MRD use would likely increase usage of MRD in the care of patients with AML.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-98
Number of pages7
JournalLeukemia Research
Volume67
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Minimal residual disease
  • Practice patterns
  • Prognostication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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