Willingness of us men who have sex with men (MSM) to participate in couples HIV voluntary counseling and testing (CVCT)

Bradley H. Wagenaar, Lauren Christiansen-Lindquist, Christine Khosropour, Laura F. Salazar, Nanette Benbow, Nik Prachand, R. Craig Sineath, Rob Stephenson, Patrick S. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Background: We evaluated willingness to participate in CVCT and associated factors among MSM in the United States. Methods: 5,980 MSM in the US, recruited through MySpace.com, completed an online survey March-April, 2009. A multivariable logistic regression model was built using being "willing" or "unwilling" to participate in CVCT in the next 12 months as the outcome. Results: Overall, 81.5% of respondents expressed willingness to participate in CVCT in the next year. Factors positively associated with willingness were: being of non-Hispanic Black (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 1.5, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.2-1.8), Hispanic (aOR: 1.3, CI: 1.1-1.6), or other (aOR: 1.4, CI: 1.1-1.8) race/ethnicity compared to non-Hispanic White; being aged 18-24 (aOR: 2.5, CI: 1.7-3.8), 25-29 (aOR: 2.3, CI: 1.5-3.6), 30-34 (aOR: 1.9, CI: 1.2-3.1), and 35-45 (aOR: 2.3, CI: 1.4-3.7) years, all compared to those over 45 years of age; and having had a main male sex partner in the last 12 months (aOR: 1.9, CI: 1.6-2.2). Factors negatively associated with willingness were: not knowing most recent male sex partner's HIV status (aOR: 0.81, CI: 0.69-0.95) compared to knowing that the partner was HIV-negative; having had 4-7 (aOR: 0.75, CI: 0.61-0.92) or >7 male sex partners in the last 12 months (aOR: 0.62, CI: 0.50-0.78) compared to 1 partner; and never testing for HIV (aOR: 0.38, CI: 0.31-0.46), having been tested over 12 months ago (aOR: 0.63, CI: 0.50-0.79), or not knowing when last HIV tested (aOR: 0.67, CI: 0.51-0.89), all compared to having tested 0-6 months previously. Conclusions: Young MSM, men of color, and those with main sex partners expressed a high level of willingness to participate in couples HIV counseling and testing with a male partner in the next year. Given this willingness, it is likely feasible to scale up and evaluate CVCT interventions for US MSM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere42953
JournalPloS one
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 14 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General


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