Objective: To assess willingness of adults to undergo home screening for urologic cancers via urine dipstick and determine the effect of an educational pamphlet on hematuria on screening willingness and knowledge of hematuria. Materials and Methods: We performed an online survey of adult volunteers throughout the United States from September 25, 2018 to October 15, 2018. The primary outcome was pretest willingness to undergo home screening for hematuria with urine dipstick (4 or 5 out of 5-point Likert). Secondary outcomes included changes in willingness to screen and knowledge on hematuria after exposure to an educational pamphlet. Results: Of 1442 participants, 54% were male and 87% were White. Median age was 48. Pretest willingness to home screen was high (90%). Older age was associated with an increased willingness to screen (per 10-year increase: odds ratio 1.47, 95% confidence interval 1.28-1.68, P <.001). Participants who had not previously discussed hematuria with a health care provider were less willing to screen (odds ratio 0.50, 95% confidence interval 0.27-0.94, P =. 033). Patients with risk factors for urologic cancers (ie, smoking and occupational exposures) were equally willing to screen. After pamphlet exposure hematuria knowledge increased (P <.001) while willingness to screen did not change (P =. 15). Conclusion: Willingness to perform home-based screening for urologic cancers by assessing for hematuria is high in an adult population, including those with risk factors. Knowledge of hematuria improves significantly after exposure to an educational pamphlet.
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