Women and Underrepresented Minorities in Academic Anesthesiology

Paloma Toledo*, Choy R. Lewis, Elizabeth M.S. Lange

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The demographics of the United States is changing with 51% of the population being female, and 32% of the population identifying as an underrepresented minority (URM, ie, African American/black, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian/Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander). Women and URMs have been historically underrepresented in medicine and in academic anesthesiology. This article provides an overview of the current status of women and URM faculty in academic anesthesiology and provides a framework for academic advancement. Throughout the text, the terms woman/women are used, as opposed to female, as the terms woman/women refer to gender, and female refers to biological sex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-457
Number of pages9
JournalAnesthesiology Clinics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2020


  • Academic anesthesiology
  • Diversity
  • Gender
  • Leadership
  • Underrepresented minorities
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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