Write-N-Speak: Authoring multimodal digital-Paper materials for speech-Language Therapy

Anne Marie Piper*, Nadir Weibel, James D. Hollan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Aphasia is characterized by a reduced ability to understand and/or generate speech and language. Speech-language therapy helps individuals with aphasia regain language and cope with changes in their communication abilities. The therapy process is largely paper-based, making multimodal digital pen technology a promising tool for supporting therapy activities. We report on ten months of field research where we examine the practice of speech-language therapy, implement Write-N-Speak, a digital-paper toolkit for end-user creation of custom therapy materials, and deploy this system for 12 weeks with one therapist-client dyad in a clinical setting. The therapist used Write-N-Speak to create a range of materials including custom interactive worksheets, photographs programmed with the client's voice, and interactive stickers on household items to aid object recognition and naming. We conclude with a discussion of multimodal digital pen technology for this and other therapy activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2
JournalACM Transactions on Accessible Computing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 2011


  • Communication
  • Multimodal interaction
  • Older adults
  • Pen-based computing
  • Speech-language therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications


Dive into the research topics of 'Write-N-Speak: Authoring multimodal digital-Paper materials for speech-Language Therapy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this