XPO5 promotes primary miRNA processing independently of RanGTP

Jingjing Wang, Jerome E. Lee, Kent Riemondy, Yang Yu, Steven M. Marquez, Eric C. Lai, Rui Yi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

XPO5 mediates nuclear export of miRNA precursors in a RanGTP-dependent manner. However, XPO5-associated RNA species have not been determined globally and it is unclear whether XPO5 has any additional functions other than nuclear export. Here we show XPO5 pervasively binds to double-stranded RNA regions found in some clustered primary miRNA precursors and many cellular RNAs. Surprisingly, the binding of XPO5 to pri-miRNAs such as mir-17~92 and mir-15b~16-2 and highly structured RNAs such as vault RNAs is RanGTP-independent. Importantly, XPO5 enhances the processing efficiency of pri-mir-19a and mir-15b~16-2 by the DROSHA/DGCR8 microprocessor. Genetic deletion of XPO5 compromises the biogenesis of most miRNAs and leads to severe defects during mouse embryonic development and skin morphogenesis. This study reveals an unexpected function of XPO5 for recognizing and facilitating the nuclear cleavage of clustered pri-miRNAs, identifies numerous cellular RNAs bound by XPO5, and demonstrates physiological functions of XPO5 in mouse development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1845
JournalNature communications
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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