Youth Living with Perinatally Acquired HIV Have Lower Physical Activity Levels as They Age Compared with HIV-Exposed Uninfected Youth

the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study (PHACS)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Few studies have evaluated physical activity patterns or their association with vascular inflammation among youth living with perinatally acquired HIV (YPHIV). Methods: We assessed YPHIV and youth perinatally HIV-exposed but uninfected (YPHEU) in the PHACS Adolescent Master Protocol with at least one Block physical activity questionnaire (PAQ) completed between ages 7–19 years. Physical activity metrics were as follows: (1) daily total energy expenditure (TEE) and (2) physical activity duration (PAD) defined as the minutes of daily moderate and vigorous activities. In a subgroup, we measured serum biomarkers of coagulation (fibrinogen and P-selectin) and endothelial dysfunction (soluble intracellular cell adhesion molecule-1, soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and E-selectin) obtained within 3 months of a single PAQ. Repeated measures linear regression models were used to compare the trajectories of log-transformed TEE and PAD by HIV status, adjusting for confounders. Spearman correlations were calculated to assess the relationship of TEE and PAD with vascular biomarkers. Results: Five hundred ninety-six youth (387 YPHIV and 209 YPHEU) completed 1552 PAQs (median PAQs completed = 3). The median age at enrollment (Q1, Q3) was 11 (9, 13) years. TEE and PAD increased with age in both YPHIV and YPHEU. However, even after adjusting for confounders, YPHIV had significantly less increase per year than YPHEU for TEE (5.7% [95% confidence interval (CI): 29.9% to 21.4%, P = 0.010] less) and PAD (5.2% [95% CI: 29.2% to 21.1%, P = 0.016] less). Among 302 youth with biomarker measures (187 YPHIV and 114 YPHEU), we observed little correlation with TEE or PAD. Conclusions: Both groups had increases in physical activity levels as they aged, but YPHIV had smaller increases throughout adolescence compared with YPHEU, which may impact long-term health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)700-705
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2021

Keywords

  • cardiovascular
  • exercise
  • inflammation
  • pediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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