Zirconium-Based Metal-Organic Frameworks as Reusable Antibacterial Peroxide Carriers for Protective Textiles

Kaikai Ma*, Yuk Ha Cheung*, Haomiao Xie, Xingjie Wang, Michael Evangelopoulos, Kent O. Kirlikovali, Shengyi Su, Xiaoliang Wang, Chad A. Mirkin, John H. Xin*, Omar K. Farha*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Countries around the world have sought efficient protective coverings, including masks, gowns, and fabrics, for air purification to protect people against infectious diseases. However, the demand for significant quantities of disposable protective textiles poses a global challenge, especially when the production of protective gear is suspended due to COVID-19 outbreaks in factories and along supply lines. Therefore, the development of reusable, self-decontaminating protective masks and coverings loaded with disinfectants, such as antibacterial peroxide species, presents an attractive strategy to fight against bacteria risks. In this work, we incorporated persulfate ions, which serve as stable active peroxide precursors, into two porous zirconium-based metal-organic frameworks (Zr-MOFs), enabling these materials to act as regenerable reservoirs for the slow release of biocidal hydrogen peroxide upon hydrolysis by contact with humid air. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies reveal the two different coordination motifs for the persulfate ions, which can either bridge between two adjacent nodes or coordinate to a single node depending on both the node connectivity and the distances between open metal sites. The active peroxide precursors within the porous Zr-MOF carriers are stable during storage and easily regenerated once consumed. Importantly, these persulfate-loaded Zr-MOFs can be integrated onto textiles using a facile aqueous in-situ growth procedure, and these composites demonstrate potent and reusable biocidal activity against both Gram-negative bacteria and Gram-positive bacteria. Overall, this approach presents a viable strategy to develop robust protective textiles capable of rapidly deactivating pathogens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2342-2352
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 28 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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