ZnSb Polymorphs with Improved Thermoelectric Properties

Maximilian Amsler, Stefan Goedecker*, Wolfgang G. Zeier, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Chris Wolverton, Laurent Chaput

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

ZnxSb1-x systems are one of the most promising materials for thermoelectric applications due to their low cost, low toxicity, and high thermoelectric figure of merit. We report the discovery and characterization of novel ZnSb polymorphs with improved thermoelectric properties from a systematic ab initio structural search. The putative ground state at low temperature is a structure with Pbca symmetry. Corresponding electron and phonon transport properties are computed, where the lattice thermal conductivity was accurately obtained through third-order interatomic force constants. At 500 K, both the reduced figure of merit S2/L as well as the lattice thermal conductivity are superior to any previously reported numbers on ZnSb polymorphs, rendering the Pbca phase a promising candidate for an exceptionally good thermoelectric material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2912-2920
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume28
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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